The Green deal was first introduced in early 2019 in the U.S. House of Representatives. Do you have any idea what it contains?
The President-elect has a details plan on his website. It is based on the green deal. I will go into details of it below.
The Green New Deal is framework and not a law, it is intended to deal with our current climate crisis as well as working on boosting job creation and addressing discrimination and racism in our society. Named after the New Deal of Roosevelt’s 1930s plan to get Americans back on track after the great depression.
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, along with 68 other cosigners introduced the bill in the house of representatives in February 7, 2019.
The bill references the Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 degrees that took place in October 2018 by the UN’s intergovernmental Panel.
Many reasons were given for introducing the bill:
- Humans are the main cause of climate change in recent years.
- There are catastrophic results of global warming such as wildfires, rising sea levels, droughts and storms.
- Only a two degrees Celsius rise in temperature will have a massive impact on global economy, destruction of coral reefs and damage to the infrastructure.
In order to achieve the rise of global temperature below 1,5 degrees, there needs to be a reduction of greenhouse gases by 40 – 60 percent by the year 2030. And by 2050 there needs to be a net zero global emissions. These are the latest scientific consensus made by multiple governments and companies, which are built into the Paris Climate Accord of 2015. The United States is out of this Accord since November 4th, 2020. But it is expected to rejoin under Biden’s administration.
The Green New Deal puts the USA as a leading force in outlining a 10 year plan to achieve a net zero emissions through a fair transition, while creating sustainable new jobs and securing clear water and air, healthy food and access to sustainable environment.
It also focuses on justice of the minorities in America from all races, migrant communities, the poor, women, disabled, homeless and the youth.
There is a long list of goals and task for the new deal, but the main ones are:
- Being more resilient againt disasters.
- Repairing and improving the infrastructure
- Achieving a 100% renewable, clean and with zero-emission power.
- Having clean manufacturing processes.
- Working with farmers to completely remove greenhouse gases.
- Managing the climate change effect during this transition
- Restoring natural ecosystems by removing greenhouse gases from the air.
- Dealing with hazardous waste.
- Sharing technology and products on a global scale.
- Protecting natural resources.
- Federal government should enforce the existing laws about social costs and the impact of emissions.
- Creating programs and policies.
- Being able to protect vulnerable communities.
- Providing the necessary resources and education to everybody.
- Increasing the budget for research and development of clean technology.
- Improving the economic development which includes better quality union jobs that secure the retirement, vacations and medical leave of the workers.
- Enforcing trade rules and border adjustments.
- Ensuring a fair competition among businesses.
- Every U.S. citizen should have access to better quality health care, economic security, clear air and water and healthy food as well as safe and affordable housing.
We have provided only the outline, and as we mentioned earlier the new deal is not a law but rather a proposal that needs to move the conversation forward in order to keep the global average temperature down.
As soon as Joe Biden takes office, he will be faced with a huge task. His main focus will be to build a modern, equitable clear energy with sustainable infrastructure for the future.
In order to achieve a capable new infrastructure, his $2 trillion plan will create millions of new jobs in skilled trade and engineering jobs to provide a pathway for workers from all backgrounds and ages.
The infrastructure will include transit, power sector, innovation, housing, the auto industry, building and agriculture. While hoping to create better unions to ensure that workers will get paid at least $15 an hour with paid leave and overtime.
The plan will be retraining oil and coal workers for the new green economy. It will also commit to create pre-apprenticeship programs while keeping the jobs local.
Key elements of the plan
Plan consists of building clean energy future and new infrastructure, these are the key elements:
- A modern infrastructure – transforming the transportation infrastructure needs to start by fixing railroad and investing in a brand new municipal network. Ensuring clear water and an expanded 5G network as well as cleaning brownfield properties, landfills and abandoned mines are also included in the steps of this plan.
- U.S. auto industry needs to be on top again – in order to build a new American clean vehicles industry, the plan will create millions of jobs in infrastructure, supply chain and manufacturing. The government is already encouraging people to move to EV’s by creating programs like the Clean Cars for America, which let you swap your old car for a an EV. This will lead to major EV investments, mainly the half a million charging stations that needs to be built across the country which will create more jobs to support vehicle electrification. In order to achieve a full clean infrastructure, there needs to be acceleration in the battery research and development. The plan outlines the covering of 500,000 buses in the U.S.
- Carbon-free power sector – by 2035, Biden’s plan will need to move from steel fabrication and iron casting to wind and solar industries. The plan requires an all electrical grid in order to support battery storage and electrical transportation. The government is also aiming to create tax incentives and financial options to include the private sector in this transition.
- Energy-efficient buildings – the plan aims at creating million jobs to upgrade 4 million houses while weatherize 2 million more. The end goal is to cut our carbon footprint by 50% at the end of 2035. There will be financial incentive to encourage people to get rebates and low-cost financing to help them upgrade home appliances to higher-efficiency ones. Schools will get modernized as well.
- Agriculture investments – forest management, repairing irrigation systems, restoring coastal ecosystems, restoring wetlands and planting trees are some of the proposition by Biden’s plan for a Civilian Climate Corps. This will create quarter million jobs to clean old mining sites and plugging abandoned gas and oil wells. When it comes to agriculture, the plan is proposing to work with farmers on the next generation conservations, which will include leveraging new equipment and technologies. Trade policies will need to be changed to protect farmers by ensuring them fair markets, this also includes minority farmers.
- Economic equality – the plan ensures that the disadvantage communities will be receiving 40% of spending to deploy clean energy, affordable housing, pollution remediation and clean transit and transportation. There will be a screening tool in place to identify disadvantaged communities like the one already exists in California. Biden’s plan also includes updating existing programs and creating new Climate and Environmental Justice Division with the Justice Department.
In summary, the Biden’s plan will:
- Boost the U.S auto industry to be leaders
- Modernize the infrastructure
- Carbon-free power sector by 2035
- Updating building to be more energy-efficient
- Clean energy innovation
- Sustainable conservation and agriculture
Biden’s job will not be an easy one, it is a huge task but one that will put America on the path of becoming environmentally responsible by the year 2035, while creating millions of jobs. After 4 years of rollbacks it is a welcome change.